Young people’s poor lifestyle choices lead to rise in TB cases during lockdown

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There is an increase in the number of cases of Tuberculosis (TB) among young people around the age group 16-22 due to poor lifestyle choices like physical inactivity, eating and sleeping schedules inappropriate and increased screen time. Get rid of sedentary lifestyle, eat a well-balanced diet, exercise daily and reduce screen time to prevent tuberculosis in young people. Tuberculosis (TB) is a potentially fatal and contagious infection that affects the lungs. It is caused by a bacterium (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) and can invade any organ. The burden of tuberculosis is increasing in the country during the confinement.Read also – Fruits that will help you recharge your batteries and beat the heat during the summers | Watch the video

Dr. Arvind Kate, a pulmonologist at Zen Multispecialty Hospital, has noticed an alarming trend of tuberculosis among young people. “During the lockdown, there was a huge increase in TB cases among young people. The causes of tuberculosis are insufficient sun exposure due to being housebound during lockdown, not exercising daily, poor eating habits as there is increased consumption of junk food, too much screen time and a poor sleep routine. Thus, immunity takes a hit. These factors make young people susceptible to tuberculosis and increase morbidity and mortality rates among patients. Tuberculosis is preventable and curable with proper medical care. Read also – The cancer of plastic bottles: why these giant water cans delivered to your home/office are dangerous for your health

“The coronavirus pandemic has taken a toll on people with tuberculosis in India, increasing the estimated number of deaths from the infectious lung disease to 500,000 in 2020 from 445,000 in 2019, according to the Organization’s 2021 World Report World Health Organization on Tuberculosis. India accounted for 34% of the total combined number of TB deaths. The case fatality rate (estimated mortality/estimated incidence) increased from 17% in 2019 to 20% in 2020, according to the report. Non-COVID diseases, including tuberculosis, have been neglected since the pandemic. Risk factors for tuberculosis are infection with HIV (the virus that causes AIDS), drug abuse, low body weight, alcohol, diabetes, cancer and contact with someone with tuberculosis. Due to the pandemic, the majority of children did not seek investigation, which led to an increase in cases of tuberculosis. We suggest that you get screened regularly to find out why there has been an increase in TB cases in the younger population. I urge everyone to see a doctor if one has a fever, cough or lump in any part of the body for more than a week,” said Dr. Sangita Chekker, Consultant Physician in Respirology, Wockhardt Hospitals Mira Road. Also Read – Effective Natural Skin Care Tips You Can Follow for Glowing and Healthy Skin – Watch

Dr Kate added: “TB drugs may be given depending on the type of TB one has. Other than that, one will need to follow a healthy lifestyle like eating fresh fruits, vegetables, legumes, and whole grains. Avoid junk, oily, processed, and canned foods that lower immunity, soak in the sun, have good ventilation at home, wear a mask, maintain social distancing, and sanitize hands as needed. Stay away from sick people, cover your mouth when coughing or sneezing, exercise without fail. Limit exposure to electronic gadgets such as tablets, laptops, cell phones, and computers, especially while you sleep. Get a restful sleep of at least 8 hours a day. Awareness programs like TB education should be conducted for young people regarding its dangers. Tuberculosis is also a lifestyle disease. Eat on time, sleep on time, sun exposure is the mantra of TB prevention. »

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